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新版《建筑業企業資質標準》分析與解讀

發布時間:2015-03-27 瀏覽:2342

         2014年11月6日住房與城鄉建設部公布了最新的《建筑業企業資質標準》,該標準自2015年1月1日起施行。原建設部印發的《建筑業企業資質等級標準》(建建[2001]82號)同時廢止。

      最新的標準內容,與2001年的舊標準進行了對比,發現新的標準有了很多的變化,部分企業對建造師數量的要求更高了,在未來很長時間內建造師制度不會有明顯變化,隨著建筑行業的發展,建筑企業對建造師的需求將會持續增加。下面是整理出來的最新資質標準詳解表(部分)和對建造師數量要求的對比:

各專業的建筑業企業對一級建造師數量的要求對比

        新標準頒布后,各專業需求數量分析(僅就總承包資質分析):

        人數較多的專業,但需求量沒有變化的:公路 
        公路新舊資質都要求15個本專業一建,眾多資質中,舊標準中公路資質要求本專業。新標準對一建專業要求不變,數量要求不變,需求量就沒有什么變化了。
 
        需求量增加較多的專業:機電、市政 
        新標準中多個專業要求有機電一建,需求量自然增加。 
        市政專業一建數量比公路略少,但市政企業遠多于公路企業,并且近幾年資質審批中,公路資質審批數量也遠少于市政資質,東部省份一年能過10多個市政資質,也就過一兩個公路資質。 
市政資質原來不要求本專業一建,現在要求了,市政企業數量眾多,要全部換成本專業,需求數量也就增加了。 

        需求量增加,但不如機電市政多的:水利 
        水利一級原來就要求本專業一建15個,新標準沒變化;水利二級資質要求6個一建,但水利二級資質的企業不如市政多,水利一建需求數量增加,但不如機電、市政增幅那么大。 

        需求數量變化不大的熱門專業:建筑 
        原標準只是要求一級資質項目經理的數量不能少于12人,不限制專業,但是新標準要求建筑工程一級建造師不少于9人。不過隨著房地產市場的發展漸趨穩,房建企業數量新增的速度不會太快。 

        其他小眾專業:需求量變化不大 
        鐵路、港航、民航、礦業、通信,這些專業不管是有資質的企業,還有一建持證人員,都是小眾的,需求數量可能略有增加,但本身有資質的企業少,需求量變化波動不會很大。

        由此來看,對于大家之前關注的一級建造師、二級建造師取消的傳聞不攻自破,根據兩次通知間隔時間推斷,在未來很長時間內建造師制度不會有明顯的變化!


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